Pdf ebook: Polarized Light

Pdf download ebook Polarized Light

Summary: Polarized light is a pervasive influence in our world—and scientists and engineers in a variety of fields require the tools to understand, measure, and a

  • Author :
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 143983041X
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Number of Pages: 808
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1826
  • Downloads: 1826
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Description: Polarized light is a pervasive influence in our world—and scientists and engineers in a variety of fields require the tools to understand, measure, and apply it to their advantage. Offering an in-depth examination of the subject and a description of its applications, Polarized Light, Third Edition serves as a comprehensive self-study tool complete with an extensive mathematical analysis of the Mueller matrix and coverage of Maxwell’s equations. Links Historical Developments to Current Applications and Future Innovations This book starts with a general description of light and continues with a complete exploration of polarized light, including how it is produced and its practical applications. The author incorporates basic topics, such as polarization by refraction and reflection, polarization elements, anisotropic materials, polarization formalisms (Mueller–Stokes and Jones) and associated mathematics, and polarimetry, or the science of polarization measurement. New to the Third Edition: A new introductory chapter Chapters on: polarized light in nature, and form birefringence A review of the history of polarized light, and a chapter on the interference laws of Fresnel and Arago—both completely re-written A new appendix on conventions used in polarized light New graphics, and black-and-white photos and color plates Divided into four parts, this book covers the fundamental concepts and theoretical framework of polarized light. Next, it thoroughly explores the science of polarimetry, followed by discussion of polarized light applications. The author concludes by discussing how our polarized light framework is applied to physics concepts, such as accelerating charges and quantum systems. Building on the solid foundation of the first two editions, this book reorganizes and updates existing material on fundamentals, theory, polarimetry, and applications. It adds new chapters, graphics, and color photos, as well as a new appendix on conventions used in polarized light. As a result, the author has re-established this book’s lofty status in the pantheon of literature on this important field.


Pdf ebook: Nineteen Eighty-Four. Illustrated

Pdf download ebook Nineteen Eighty-Four. Illustrated

Summary: 1984 is George Orwell's terrifying vision of a totalitarian future in which everything and everyone is slave to a tyrannical regime lead by The Party. Wins

  • Author : George Orwell
  • Publisher: Strelbytskyy Multimedia Publishing
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 712
  • Downloads: 712
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Description: 1984 is George Orwell's terrifying vision of a totalitarian future in which everything and everyone is slave to a tyrannical regime lead by The Party. Winston Smith works for the Ministry of Truth in London, chief city of Airstrip One. Big Brother stares out from every poster, the Thought Police uncover every act of betrayal. When Winston finds love with Julia, he discovers that life does not have to be dull and deadening, and awakens to new possibilities. Despite the police helicopters that hover and circle overhead, Winston and Julia begin to question the Party; they are drawn towards conspiracy. Yet Big Brother will not tolerate dissent - even in the mind. For those with original thoughts they invented Room 101. . .


Pdf ebook: Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis

Pdf download ebook Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis

Summary: This book has evolved by processes of selection and expansion from its predecessor, Practical Scanning Electron Microscopy (PSEM), published by Plenum Pres

  • Author : Joseph Goldstein,Dale E. Newbury,Patrick Echlin,David C. Joy,Charles Fiori,Eric Lifshin
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461332737
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 673
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1249
  • Downloads: 1249
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Description: This book has evolved by processes of selection and expansion from its predecessor, Practical Scanning Electron Microscopy (PSEM), published by Plenum Press in 1975. The interaction of the authors with students at the Short Course on Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis held annually at Lehigh University has helped greatly in developing this textbook. The material has been chosen to provide a student with a general introduction to the techniques of scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis suitable for application in such fields as biology, geology, solid state physics, and materials science. Following the format of PSEM, this book gives the student a basic knowledge of (1) the user-controlled functions of the electron optics of the scanning electron microscope and electron microprobe, (2) the characteristics of electron-beam-sample inter actions, (3) image formation and interpretation, (4) x-ray spectrometry, and (5) quantitative x-ray microanalysis. Each of these topics has been updated and in most cases expanded over the material presented in PSEM in order to give the reader sufficient coverage to understand these topics and apply the information in the laboratory. Throughout the text, we have attempted to emphasize practical aspects of the techniques, describing those instru ment parameters which the microscopist can and must manipulate to obtain optimum information from the specimen. Certain areas in particular have been expanded in response to their increasing importance in the SEM field. Thus energy-dispersive x-ray spectrometry, which has undergone a tremendous surge in growth, is treated in substantial detail.


Pdf ebook: The small BIG

Pdf download ebook The small BIG

Summary: At some point today you will have to influence or persuade someone - your boss, a co-worker, a customer, client, spouse, your kids, or even your friends. W

  • Author : Steve J. Martin,Noah Goldstein,Robert Cialdini
  • Publisher: Grand Central Publishing
  • ISBN: 1455584231
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Number of Pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1891
  • Downloads: 1891
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Description: At some point today you will have to influence or persuade someone - your boss, a co-worker, a customer, client, spouse, your kids, or even your friends. What is the smallest change you can make to your request, proposal or situation that will lead to the biggest difference in the outcome? In The small BIG, three heavyweights from the world of persuasion science and practice -- Steve Martin, Noah Goldstein and Robert Cialdini -- describe how, in today's information overloaded and stimulation saturated world, increasingly it is the small changes that you make that lead to the biggest differences. In the last few years more and more research - from fields such as neuroscience, cognitive psychology, social psychology, and behavioral economics - has helped to uncover an even greater understanding of how influence, persuasion and behavior change happens. Increasingly we are learning that it is not information per se that leads people to make decisions, but the context in which that information is presented. Drawing from extensive research in the new science of persuasion, the authors present lots of small changes (over 50 in fact) that can bring about momentous shifts in results. It turns out that anyone can significantly increase his or her ability to influence and persuade others, not by informing or educating people into change but instead by simply making small shifts in approach that link to deeply felt human motivations.


Pdf ebook: The Secret Language of the Heart

Pdf download ebook The Secret Language of the Heart

Summary: In The Secret Language of the Heart, award-winning producer and composer Barry Goldstein shares how every one of us—the musical and non-musical alike—c

  • Author : Barry Goldstein
  • Publisher: Hierophant Publishing
  • ISBN: 1938289447
  • Genre: Self-Help
  • Number of Pages: 208
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1250
  • Downloads: 1250
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Description: In The Secret Language of the Heart, award-winning producer and composer Barry Goldstein shares how every one of us—the musical and non-musical alike—can harness the power of music to treat alleviate specific illnesses, reverse negative mindsets and attitudes, dissolve creative blocks and improve overall health. Backed up by the latest scientific research on the benefits of sound, music, and vibration, this book offers practical, concrete instructions for healing that can be tailored to suit your individual preferences and needs, including how to: Nurture your creativity, mindfulness, and productivity by creating customized playlists to suit your situation and mood. (Your favorite song of the moment is more important than you realize!) Use musical stress blasters to ease challenging situationsin a pinch. Find spaciousness(calmness) and peace and serenity with the Heart Song Breathing Process. Chant to transform and elevate the heart and mind. Goldstein presents step-by-step guidance—as well as dozens of song recommendations along the way—to help you create a new music routine that will heal, energize, and inspire. He also shares vivid stories of his own transformation through music, as well as the life-changing effects music has had on his clients. Whether you want to alleviate stress, become more in tune with what you really want, activate your heart’s intelligence, or simply have your best day every day, using music and sound with intention is key—let this book show you the tools to build a simple musical practice that will transform your life.


Pdf ebook: Green’s Functions in Classical Physics

Pdf download ebook Green’s Functions in Classical Physics

Summary: This book presents the Green’s function formalism in a basic way and demonstrates its usefulness for applications to several well-known problems in class

  • Author : Tom Rother
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319524372
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 267
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1765
  • Downloads: 1765
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Description: This book presents the Green’s function formalism in a basic way and demonstrates its usefulness for applications to several well-known problems in classical physics which are usually solved not by this formalism but other approaches. The book bridges the gap between applications of the Green’s function formalism in quantum physics and classical physics. This book is written as an introduction for graduate students and researchers who want to become more familiar with the Green’s function formalism. In 1828 George Green has published an essay that was unfortunately sunken into oblivion shortly after its publication. It was rediscovered only after several years by the later Lord Kelvin. But since this time, using Green’s functions for solving partial differential equations in physics has become an important mathematical tool. While the conceptual and epistemological importance of these functions were essentially discovered and discussed in modern physics - especially in quantum field theory and quantum statistics - these aspects are rarely touched in classical physics. In doing it, this book provides an interesting and sometimes new point of view on several aspects and problems in classical physics, like the Kepler motion or the description of certain classical probability experiments in finite event spaces. A short outlook on quantum mechanical problems concludes this book.


Pdf ebook: The Quantum World

Pdf download ebook The Quantum World

Summary: As Kenneth W. Ford shows us in The Quantum World, the laws governing the very small and the very swift defy common sense and stretch our minds to the limit

  • Author : Kenneth W. Ford
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674263553
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 304
  • Language: English
  • Views: 966
  • Downloads: 966
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Description: As Kenneth W. Ford shows us in The Quantum World, the laws governing the very small and the very swift defy common sense and stretch our minds to the limit. Drawing on a deep familiarity with the discoveries of the twentieth century, Ford gives an appealing account of quantum physics that will help the serious reader make sense of a science that, for all its successes, remains mysterious. In order to make the book even more suitable for classroom use, the author, assisted by Diane Goldstein, has included a new section of Quantum Questions at the back of the book. A separate answer manual to these 300+ questions is available; visit The Quantum World website for ordering information. There is also a cloth edition of this book, which does not include the "Quantum Questions" included in this paperback edition.


Pdf ebook: Encyclopedia of Perception

Pdf download ebook Encyclopedia of Perception

Summary: The field of perception is devoted to explaining the operation of the senses and the experiences and behaviors resulting from stimulation of the senses. Pe

  • Author : E. Bruce Goldstein
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1506332730
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 1280
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1786
  • Downloads: 1786
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Description: The field of perception is devoted to explaining the operation of the senses and the experiences and behaviors resulting from stimulation of the senses. Perceptual processes such as recognizing faces, seeing color, hearing music, and feeling pain represent the actions of complex mechanisms, yet we usually do them easily. The Encyclopedia of Perception presents a comprehensive overview of the field of perception through authoritative essays written by leading researchers and theoreticians in psychology, the cognitive sciences, neuroscience, and medical disciplines. It presents two parallel and interacting approaches: the psychophysical, or determining the relationship between stimuli in the environment and perception, and the physiological, or locating the biological systems responsible for perception. Are there any processes not associated with perception? Surely there are, but the pervasiveness of perception is truly impressive, and the phenomena of perception and its mechanisms are what this encyclopedia is about. Key Features Contains 16 pages of color illustration and photography to accompany the entries Offers a varied and broad list of topics, including basic research as well as methodologies, theoretical approaches, and real-world applications of perceptual research Emphasizes human perception but includes ample research because of its importance in its own right and because of what this research tells us about human perception Written by recognized experts from many disciplines but for an audience with no previous background in perception—students and members of the general public alike Key Themes Action Attention Audition Chemical Senses Cognition and Perception Computers and Perception Consciousness Disorders of Perception Illusory Perceptions Individual Differences (Human) and Comparative (Across Species; Not Including Ageing, Disorders, and Perceptual Development) Methods Perceptual Development/Experience Philosophical Approaches Physiological Processes Sense Interaction Skin and Body Senses Theoretical Approaches Visual Perception


Pdf ebook: Ronald E. Goldstein's Esthetics in Dentistry

Pdf download ebook Ronald E. Goldstein's Esthetics in Dentistry

Summary: Ronald E. Goldstein’s Esthetics in Dentistry, Third Edition provides a thoroughly updated and expanded revision to the definitive reference to all aspect

  • Author : Ronald E. Goldstein,Stephen J. Chu,Ernesto A. Lee,Christian F.J. Stappert
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119272939
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 1576
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1487
  • Downloads: 1487
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Description: Ronald E. Goldstein’s Esthetics in Dentistry, Third Edition provides a thoroughly updated and expanded revision to the definitive reference to all aspects of esthetic and cosmetic dentistry, from principles and treatments to specific challenges and complications. Provides a current, comprehensive examination of all aspects of esthetic and cosmetic dentistry Presents 23 new chapters from international experts in the field and complete updates to existing chapters Offers more than 3,700 high-quality photographs and illustrations Adds clinical case studies and treatment algorithms for increased clinical relevance Emphasizes clinical relevance, with all information thoroughly rooted in the scientific evidence


Pdf ebook: Blackwell Handbook of Sensation and Perception

Pdf download ebook Blackwell Handbook of Sensation and Perception

Summary: This state-of-the-art handbook provides an authoritative overview of the field of perception, with special emphasis on new developments and trends. Surveys

  • Author : E. Bruce Goldstein
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470751991
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 800
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1496
  • Downloads: 1496
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Description: This state-of-the-art handbook provides an authoritative overview of the field of perception, with special emphasis on new developments and trends. Surveys the entire field of perception, including vision, hearing, taste, olfaction, and cutaneous sensibility. Ideal for researchers and teachers looking for succinct, state-of-the-art overviews of areas outside their speciality, and for anyone wanting to know about current research and future trends. Uses a tutorial approach that results in a balanced description of topics. A 'Selected Readings' section points to general references that provide more detailed treatments of each topic; 'Additional Topics' provide references to important topics. Written by noted authorities in the field. Now available in full text online via xreferplus, the award-winning reference library on the web from xrefer. For more information, visit www.xreferplus.com


Pdf ebook: An Idiot’s Fugitive Essays on Science

Pdf download ebook An Idiot’s Fugitive Essays on Science

Summary: When, after the agreeable fatigues of solicitation, Mrs Millamant set out a long bill of conditions subject to which she might by degrees dwindle into a wi

  • Author : C. Truesdell
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461381851
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 654
  • Language: English
  • Views: 310
  • Downloads: 310
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Description: When, after the agreeable fatigues of solicitation, Mrs Millamant set out a long bill of conditions subject to which she might by degrees dwindle into a wife, Mirabell offered in return the condition that he might not thereby be beyond measure enlarged into a husband. With age and experience in research come the twin dangers of dwindling into a philosopher of science while being enlarged into a dotard. The philosophy of science, I believe, should not be the preserve of senile scientists and of teachers of philosophy who have themselves never so much as understood the contents of a textbook of theoretical physics, let alone done a bit of mathematical research or even enjoyed the confidence of a creating scientist. On the latter count I run no risk: Any reader will see that I am untrained (though not altogether unread) in classroom philosophy. Of no ignorance of mine do I boast, indeed I regret it, but neither do I find this one ignorance fatal here, for few indeed of the great philosophers to explicate whose works hodiernal professors of phil osophy destroy forests of pulp were themselves so broadly and specially trained as are their scholiasts. In attempt to palliate the former count I have chosen to collect works written over the past thirty years, some of them not published before, and I include only a few very recent essays.


Pdf ebook: Post-Marxist Theory

Pdf download ebook Post-Marxist Theory

Summary: An introduction to the philosophical, economic, historical, feminist, and cultural versions of post-Marxist theory.

  • Author : Philip Goldstein
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791484025
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 154
  • Language: English
  • Views: 393
  • Downloads: 393
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Description: An introduction to the philosophical, economic, historical, feminist, and cultural versions of post-Marxist theory.


Pdf ebook: Complexity and the Nexus of Leadership

Pdf download ebook Complexity and the Nexus of Leadership

Summary: The authors present a new approach to leadership based on findings from complexity science. Integrating real case studies with rigorous research results, t

  • Author : J. Goldstein,J. Hazy,B. Lichtenstein
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230107710
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Number of Pages: 213
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1944
  • Downloads: 1944
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Description: The authors present a new approach to leadership based on findings from complexity science. Integrating real case studies with rigorous research results, they explore the biggest challenges being faced in fast-paced organizations, and provide a host of concrete tools for leading during critical periods.


Pdf ebook: On the Cultural Revolution in Tibet

Pdf download ebook On the Cultural Revolution in Tibet

Summary: Among the conflicts to break out during the Cultural Revolution in Tibet, the most famous took place in the summer of 1969 in Nyemo, a county to the south

  • Author : Melvyn C. Goldstein,Ben Jiao,Tanzen Lhundrup
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520942387
  • Genre: History
  • Number of Pages: 264
  • Language: English
  • Views: 917
  • Downloads: 917
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Description: Among the conflicts to break out during the Cultural Revolution in Tibet, the most famous took place in the summer of 1969 in Nyemo, a county to the south and west of Lhasa. In this incident, hundreds of villagers formed a mob led by a young nun who was said to be possessed by a deity associated with the famous warrior-king Gesar. In their rampage the mob attacked, mutilated, and killed county officials and local villagers as well as People's Liberation Army troops. This groundbreaking book, the first on the Cultural Revolution in Tibet, revisits the Nyemo Incident, which has long been romanticized as the epitome of Tibetan nationalist resistance against China. Melvyn C. Goldstein, Ben Jiao, and Tanzen Lhundrup demonstrate that far from being a spontaneous battle for independence, this violent event was actually part of a struggle between rival revolutionary groups and was not ethnically based. On the Cultural Revolution in Tibet proffers a sober assessment of human malleability and challenges the tendency to view every sign of unrest in Tibet in ethno-nationalist terms.


Pdf ebook: Mindfulness

Pdf download ebook Mindfulness

Summary: The mind contains the seeds of its own awakening—seeds that we can cultivate to bring forth the fruits of a life lived consciously. With Mindfulness, Jos

  • Author : Joseph Goldstein
  • Publisher: Sounds True
  • ISBN: 1622030656
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1581
  • Downloads: 1581
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Description: The mind contains the seeds of its own awakening—seeds that we can cultivate to bring forth the fruits of a life lived consciously. With Mindfulness, Joseph Goldstein shares the wisdom of his four decades of teaching and practice in a book that will serve as a lifelong companion for anyone committed to mindful living and the realization of inner freedom. Goldstein's source teaching is the Satipatthana Sutta, the Buddha's legendary discourse on the four foundations of mindfulness that became the basis for the many types of Vipassana (or insight meditation) found today. Exquisite in detail yet wholly accessible and relevant for the modern student, Mindfulness takes us through a profound study of: Ardency, clear knowing, mindfulness, and concentration—how to develop these four qualities of mind essential for walking the path wisely The Satipatthana refrain—how deeply contemplating the four foundations of mindfulness opens us to bare knowing and continuity of mindfulness Mindfulness of the body, including the breath, postures, activities, and physical characteristics Mindfulness of feelings—how the experience of our sense perceptions influences our inner and outer worlds Mindfulness of mind—learning to recognize skillful and unskillful states of mind and thought Mindfulness of dhammas (or categories of experience), including the Five Hindrances, the Six Sense Spheres, the Seven Factors of Awakening, and much more "There is a wealth of meaning and nuance in the experience of mindfulness that can enrich our lives in unimagined ways," writes Goldstein. In Mindfulness you have the tools to mine these riches for yourself.


Pdf ebook: Tropical Tree Physiology

Pdf download ebook Tropical Tree Physiology

Summary: This book presents the latest information on tropical tree physiology, making it a valuable research tool for a wide variety of researchers. It is also of

  • Author : Guillermo Goldstein,Louis S. Santiago
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319274228
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 467
  • Language: English
  • Views: 854
  • Downloads: 854
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Description: This book presents the latest information on tropical tree physiology, making it a valuable research tool for a wide variety of researchers. It is also of general interest to ecologists (e.g. Ecological Society of America; > 3000 or 4000 members at annual meeting), physiologists (e.g. American Society of Plant Biologists; > 2,000 members at annual meeting), and tropical biologists (e.g. Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation, ATBC; > 500 members at annual meeting). (American Geophysical Union(AGU), > 20000 members at annual meeting). Since plant physiology is taught at every university that offers a life sciences, forestry or agricultural program, and physiology is a focus at research institutes and agencies worldwide, the book is a must-have for university and research institution libraries.


Pdf ebook: Sources Say

Pdf download ebook Sources Say

Summary: Two exes. One election. All the drama. For fans of Becky Albertalli and Morgan Matson comes a funny, heartfelt novel about feuding exes running for class p

  • Author : Lori Goldstein
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 0593117417
  • Genre: Young Adult Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 368
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1857
  • Downloads: 1857
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Description: Two exes. One election. All the drama. For fans of Becky Albertalli and Morgan Matson comes a funny, heartfelt novel about feuding exes running for class president and the scandal that makes the previously boring school election the newest trending hashtag. At Acedia High, student council has always been a joke. Nobody pays attention. Nobody cares. But that changes when someone plasters the halls with Photoshopped images of three “perfect tens”—composites of scantily clad girls made from real photos of female students at the school. Quickly dubbed the “Frankengirls,” the scandal rocks the student body. And the two presidential candidates, budding influencer Angeline Quinn and charming jock Leo Torres, jump on the opportunity to propose their solutions and secure votes. Fresh from a messy public breakup, Angeline and Leo fight to win, and their battle both mesmerizes and divides the school. The election fills the pages of The Red and Blue, the school newspaper run by Angeline’s sister, Cat. The Quinn sisters share a room and a grade but little else, and unlike her more sensationalist sister, Cat prides herself on reporting the facts. So when a rival newspaper pops up—written by an anonymous source and the epitome of “fake news”—Cat’s journalistic buttons are pushed. Rumors fly, secrets are leaked, and the previously mundane student election becomes anything but boring.


Pdf ebook: User Innovation and the Entrepreneurship Phenomenon in the Digital Economy

Pdf download ebook User Innovation and the Entrepreneurship Phenomenon in the Digital Economy

Summary: The digital economy is a main driver of change, innovation, and competitiveness for various companies and entrepreneurs. Exploring developments in these in

  • Author : Isaias, Pedro,Carvalho, Luísa Cagica
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 152252827X
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Number of Pages: 357
  • Language: English
  • Views: 790
  • Downloads: 790
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Description: The digital economy is a main driver of change, innovation, and competitiveness for various companies and entrepreneurs. Exploring developments in these initiatives can be used as vital tools for future business success. User Innovation and the Entrepreneurship Phenomenon in the Digital Economy is an essential reference source for emerging scholarly research on innovative aspects of design, development, and implementation of digital economy initiatives, highlighting the relationship and interaction between humans and technology in modern society. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as electronic commerce, brand promotion, and customer loyalty, this book is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, students, and managers seeking current research on the digital economy.


Pdf ebook: Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries

Pdf download ebook Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries

Summary: Urbanization and growing wealth in developing countries portend a large increase of demand for modern energy services in residential, commercial and public

  • Author : Feng Liu,Anke S. Meyer,John F. Hogan
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 082138564X
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 224
  • Language: English
  • Views: 567
  • Downloads: 567
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Description: Urbanization and growing wealth in developing countries portend a large increase of demand for modern energy services in residential, commercial and public-service buildings in the coming decades. Pursuing energy efficiency in buildings is vital to energy security in developing countries and is identified by the Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change as having the greatest potential for cost-effective reduction of CO2 emissions by 2030 among all energy-consuming sectors. Building energy efficiency codes (BEECs), along with energy efficiency standards for major appliances and equipment, are broadly recognized as a necessary government intervention to overcome persistent market barriers to capturing the economic potential of energy efficiency gains in the residential, commercial and public-service sectors. Implementation of BEECs help prevent costly energy wastes over the lifecycles of buildings in space heating, air conditioning, lighting, and other energy service requirements. Nonetheless, achieving the full potential of energy savings afforded by more energy-efficient buildings requires holding people who live or work in buildings accountable for the cost of energy services. Compliance enforcement has been the biggest challenge to implementing BEECs. This report summarizes the findings of an extensive literature survey of the experiences of implementing BEECs in developed countries, as well as those from case studies of China, Egypt, India, and Mexico. It also serves as a primer on the basic features and contents of BEECs and the commonly adopted compliance and enforcement approaches. This report highlights the key challenges to improving compliance enforcement in developing countries, including government commitment to energy efficiency, the effectiveness of government oversight of the construction sector, the compliance capacity of building supply chain, and financing constraints. The report notes that the process of transforming a country s building supply chain toward delivering increasingly more energy-efficient buildings takes time and requires persistent government intervention through uniformly enforced and regularly updated BEECs. The report recommends increased international support in strengthening the enforcement infrastructure for BEECs in middle-income developing countries. For low- and lower-middle-income countries, there is an urgent need to assist in improving the effectiveness of government oversight system for building construction, laying the foundation for the system to also cover BEECs.


Pdf ebook: Oxford Picture Dictionary English-Russian Edition: Bilingual Dictionary for Russian-speaking teenage and adult students of English

Pdf download ebook Oxford Picture Dictionary English-Russian Edition: Bilingual Dictionary for Russian-speaking teenage and adult students of English

Summary: 4,000 words and phrases are organized thematically within 163 topics. Includes English to Russian translations of vocabulary throughout, and an extensive i

  • Author : Jayme Adelson-Goldstein,Norma Shapiro
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0194201481
  • Genre: Foreign Language Study
  • Number of Pages: 317
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1416
  • Downloads: 1416
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Description: 4,000 words and phrases are organized thematically within 163 topics. Includes English to Russian translations of vocabulary throughout, and an extensive index in Russian at the back of the book. A fully integrated vocabulary development program in American English, progressing from essential words to the more complex, delivered in short thematic units. Realistic scenarios and modern artwork are easy to relate to and these, together with story pages and practice exercises, have been applauded for their success in promoting critical thinking skills. Content is fully supported by a range of components (in English only) - including Workbooks, Classroom Activities, Audio and website.