Pdf ebook: Sudden Prey

Pdf download ebook Sudden Prey

Summary: “The stakes are high, the characters rich, the action relentless” (Publishers Weekly) in this Lucas Davenport novel from #1 New York Times bestselling

  • Author : ,
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1101051299
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 464
  • Language: English
  • Views: 444
  • Downloads: 444
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Description: “The stakes are high, the characters rich, the action relentless” (Publishers Weekly) in this Lucas Davenport novel from #1 New York Times bestselling author John Sandford. The crime spree should have ended when Lucas Davenport killed the female bank robber during the shoot-out. But it’s just beginning, because the woman’s husband isn’t about to let Lucas—or anyone he loves—escape retribution. INCLUDES A NEW INTRODUCTION BY THE AUTHOR


Pdf ebook: Certain Prey

Pdf download ebook Certain Prey

Summary: “One of [the] best” (Orlando Sentinel) Lucas Davenport Novels—now with a New Introduction by the Author. Clara Rinker is twenty-eight, beautiful, cha

  • Author : John Sandford
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1101146192
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 384
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1697
  • Downloads: 1697
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Description: “One of [the] best” (Orlando Sentinel) Lucas Davenport Novels—now with a New Introduction by the Author. Clara Rinker is twenty-eight, beautiful, charmingly southern—and the best hit woman in the business. She just goes about her business, collects her money, and goes home. Her latest hit sounds simple: a defense attorney wants a rival eliminated. No problem—until a witness survives. Clara usually knows how to deal with loose ends: cut them off, one by one, until they're all gone. This time, there’s one loose end that’s hard to shake. Lucas Davenport has no idea of the toll this case is about to take on him. Clara knows his weak spots. She knows how to penetrate them, and how to use them. And when a woman like Clara has the advantage, no one is safe.


Pdf ebook: The Art of Prey

Pdf download ebook The Art of Prey

Summary: A dark force torments the enigmatic space station Talos I, and the key to survival depends not just on strength or weaponry, but on wits as well. Journey a

  • Author : Bethesda
  • Publisher: Dark Horse Comics
  • ISBN: 1630089850
  • Genre: Games & Activities
  • Number of Pages: 184
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1436
  • Downloads: 1436
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Description: A dark force torments the enigmatic space station Talos I, and the key to survival depends not just on strength or weaponry, but on wits as well. Journey alongside Morgan Yu to explore the depths of Prey, a new science-fiction action game from the makers of Dishonored. Arkane Studios and Dark Horse Books are proud to present The Art of Prey. This exquisite and comprehensive collection features hundreds of pieces of gorgeous art from the development of this hotly anticipated game, showcasing Arkane's signature world-building and attention to detail with a unique take on futuristic design. The comprehensive art guide to the mysterious Prey universe! Exclusive never before seen concept art from the development of the highly anticipated Prey! One of PCAdvisor and GamesRadar's most anticipated games of 2017!


Pdf ebook: Relationships of Natural Enemies and Non-prey Foods

Pdf download ebook Relationships of Natural Enemies and Non-prey Foods

Summary: Feeding on Non-Prey Resources by Natural Enemies Moshe Coll Reports on the consumption of non-prey food sources, particularly plant materials, by predators

  • Author : Jonathan G. Lundgren
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402092350
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 454
  • Language: English
  • Views: 313
  • Downloads: 313
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Description: Feeding on Non-Prey Resources by Natural Enemies Moshe Coll Reports on the consumption of non-prey food sources, particularly plant materials, by predators and parasitoids are common throughout the literature (reviewed recently by Naranjo and Gibson 1996, Coll 1998a, Coll and Guershon, 2002). Predators belonging to a variety of orders and families are known to feed on pollen and nectar, and adult parasitoids acquire nutrients from honeydew and floral and extrafloral nectar. A recent publication by Wäckers et al. (2005) discusses the p- visioning of plant resources to natural enemies from the perspective of the plant, exploring the evolutionary possibility that plants enhance their defenses by recru- ing enemies to food sources. The present volume, in contrast, presents primarily the enemies’ perspective, and as such is the first comprehensive review of the nut- tional importance of non-prey foods for insect predators and parasitoids. Although the ecological significance of feeding on non-prey foods has long been underappreciated, attempts have been made to manipulate nectar and pollen ava- ability in crop fields in order to enhance levels of biological pest control by natural enemies (van Emden, 1965; Hagen, 1986; Coll, 1998a). The importance of n- prey foods for the management of pest populations is also discussed in the book.


Pdf ebook: John Sandford: Lucas Davenport 11-15

Pdf download ebook John Sandford: Lucas Davenport 11-15

Summary: Novels eleven through fifteen in #1 New York Times bestselling and Pulitzer Prize-winning author John Sandford’s Prey series, featuring Minneapolis homic

  • Author : John Sandford
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 110157898X
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 220
  • Language: English
  • Views: 661
  • Downloads: 661
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Description: Novels eleven through fifteen in #1 New York Times bestselling and Pulitzer Prize-winning author John Sandford’s Prey series, featuring Minneapolis homicide investigator Lucas Davenport. EASY PREY The murder of a supermodel during an A-list party incites a media firestorm—and confirms Lucas Davenport’s worst suspicions. The model is only the first victim—and one of his own men is a prime suspect. CHOSEN PREY Art history professor James Qatar’s hobby was taking secret photographs of women. Then one day his fantasy went too far. Now the tables have turned. It’s Qatar who has become an obsession—of Lucas Davenport’s. And for both men, there’s no turning back. MORTAL PREY Years ago, Lucas Davenport almost died at the hands of Clara Rinker, a soft-spoken Southern beauty, and one of the FBI’s most wanted killers. Now, they’re crossing paths again. With nothing left to lose she can only be stopped by Davenport—or count him among her victims… NAKED PREY The two victims—male and female, one black, one white—were found hanging from a tree in the Minnesota woods. It’s a crime with gruesome and ugly implications, but as Lucas Davenport discovers, the motive runs deeper than anyone imagined. HIDDEN PREY Theories abound when a Russian gets himself killed on the shore of Lake Superior—shot with fifty-year-old bullets. But when it turns out he had very high government connections, Lucas Davenport gets the call.


Pdf ebook: Social Predation

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Summary: The classic literature on predation dealt almost exclusively with solitary predators and their prey. Going back to Lotka-Volterra and optimal foraging theo

  • Author : Guy Beauchamp
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0124076548
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1538
  • Downloads: 1538
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Description: The classic literature on predation dealt almost exclusively with solitary predators and their prey. Going back to Lotka-Volterra and optimal foraging theory, the theory about predation, including predator-prey population dynamics, was developed for solitary species. Various consequences of sociality for predators have been considered only recently. Similarly, while it was long recognized that prey species can benefit from living in groups, research on the adaptive value of sociality for prey species mostly emerged in the 1970s. The main theme of this book is the various ways that predators and prey may benefit from living in groups. The first part focusses on predators and explores how group membership influences predation success rate, from searching to subduing prey. The second part focusses on how prey in groups can detect and escape predators. The final section explores group size and composition and how individuals respond over evolutionary times to the challenges posed by chasing or being chased by animals in groups. This book will help the reader understand current issues in social predation theory and provide a synthesis of the literature across a broad range of animal taxa. Includes the whole taxonomical range rather than limiting it to a select few Features in-depth analysis that allows a better understanding of many subtleties surrounding the issues related to social predation Presents both models and empirical results while covering the extensive predator and prey literature Contains extensive illustrations and separate boxes that cover more technical features, i.e., to present models and review results


Pdf ebook: Raptors

Pdf download ebook Raptors

Summary: This delightful and dramatic collection of portraits reveals birds of prey as we never experience them: intimate and up close, photographed in Traer Scott'

  • Author : Traer Scott
  • Publisher: Chronicle Books
  • ISBN: 1616896833
  • Genre: Photography
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 961
  • Downloads: 961
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Description: This delightful and dramatic collection of portraits reveals birds of prey as we never experience them: intimate and up close, photographed in Traer Scott's signature style. Seventy spectacular color photos present twenty-five different species, from the familiar to the exotic and endangered: hawks, owls, falcons, a bald eagle, kestrels, a Mississippi Kite, a turkey vulture, and more. Joining their elders are a fluffy baby vulture and adorable baby and juvenile great horned owls. The birds in this remarkable collection emerge as personalities, not just types: wise and quizzical, graceful and enigmatic, serene and fiercely self-possessed. A personal introduction describes Scott's process and connection to the birds, and captions detail the characteristics and habits of these incredible winged creatures.


Pdf ebook: Predator-Prey Dynamics

Pdf download ebook Predator-Prey Dynamics

Summary: Humans, being visually oriented, are well versed in camouflage and how animals hide from predators that use vision to locate prey. However, many predators

  • Author : Michael R. Conover
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1420009125
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 264
  • Language: English
  • Views: 320
  • Downloads: 320
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Description: Humans, being visually oriented, are well versed in camouflage and how animals hide from predators that use vision to locate prey. However, many predators do not hunt by sight; they hunt by scent. This raises the question: do survival mechanisms and behaviors exist which allow animals to hide from these olfactory predators? If so, what are they, and how do they work? Predator-Prey Dynamics: The Role of Olfaction examines environmental as well as biological and behavioral elements of both predators and prey to answer gaps in our current knowledge of the survival dynamics of species. Beginning with a thorough look at the mechanics of olfaction, the author explains how predators detect, locate, and track their prey using odor trails on the ground or odor plumes in the air. Understanding the physics of airflow is the next step to understanding the potential for manipulating and masking scent. While a bush may conceal an animal visually from a predator, it will not protect an animal from a predator using olfaction. To hide from the latter, an animal needs to hide in locations where turbulence and updrafts will disperse its scent. The book addresses tradeoffs that animals must make given their dual needs to hide from predators and to procure food and water. Studies of mammalian and avian behavior provide examples on the actual use and efficacy of olfactory camouflage tactics. The book concludes with a redefinition of ecological terms based on the physics of airflow and a summary of the theory and implications of olfactory predator--prey dynamics. Introducing the mechanics of olfaction and its influence on the behavior of both predators and prey, Predator-Prey Dynamics: The Role of Olfaction presents a new perception of the world and enables us to understand and more effectively manage the delicate survival dynamics of animals in the wild.


Pdf ebook: SSC MTS Exam Solved Question Papers PDF Download

Pdf download ebook SSC MTS Exam Solved Question Papers PDF Download

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  • Author : Editorial Board
  • Publisher: INDIA EXAM PORTAL
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 714
  • Downloads: 714
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Pdf ebook: The Prey

Pdf download ebook The Prey

Summary: The Maze Runner meets The Hunger Games in this heart-pounding trilogy. Orphaned teens, soon to be hunted for sport, must flee their resettlement camps in t

  • Author : Tom Isbell
  • Publisher: Harper Collins
  • ISBN: 006221604X
  • Genre: Young Adult Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 432
  • Language: English
  • Views: 331
  • Downloads: 331
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Description: The Maze Runner meets The Hunger Games in this heart-pounding trilogy. Orphaned teens, soon to be hunted for sport, must flee their resettlement camps in their fight for survival and a better life. For in the Republic of the True America, it's always hunting season. Riveting action, intense romance, and gripping emotion make this fast-paced adventure a standout debut. After a radiation blast burned most of the Earth to a crisp, the new government established settlement camps for the survivors. At the camp, these sixteen-year-old "LTs," are eager to graduate as part of the Rite. Until they learn the dark truth: "LTs" doesn't stand for lieutenants but for Less Thans, feared by society and raised to be hunted for sport. They escape and join forces with the Sisters, twin girls who've suffered their own haunting fate. Together they seek the fabled New Territory, with sadistic hunters hot on their trail. Secrets are revealed, allegiances are made, and lives are at stake. As unlikely Book and fearless Hope lead their quest for freedom, these teens must find the best in themselves to fight the worst in their enemies.


Pdf ebook: Introduction to Evolutionary Computing

Pdf download ebook Introduction to Evolutionary Computing

Summary: The first complete overview of evolutionary computing, the collective name for a range of problem-solving techniques based on principles of biological evol

  • Author : Agoston E. Eiben,J.E. Smith
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3662050943
  • Genre: Computers
  • Number of Pages: 300
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1709
  • Downloads: 1709
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Description: The first complete overview of evolutionary computing, the collective name for a range of problem-solving techniques based on principles of biological evolution, such as natural selection and genetic inheritance. The text is aimed directly at lecturers and graduate and undergraduate students. It is also meant for those who wish to apply evolutionary computing to a particular problem or within a given application area. The book contains quick-reference information on the current state-of-the-art in a wide range of related topics, so it is of interest not just to evolutionary computing specialists but to researchers working in other fields.


Pdf ebook: Secret Prey

Pdf download ebook Secret Prey

Summary: A wealthy banker is dead, shot once in the chest during a hunting trip. There are many reasons for him to be killed, and many people who would do the deed.

  • Author : John Sandford
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1101146184
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1220
  • Downloads: 1220
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Description: A wealthy banker is dead, shot once in the chest during a hunting trip. There are many reasons for him to be killed, and many people who would do the deed. But who did? Lucas Davenport has an idea. But this routine murder investigation is about to turn into something different. A cat-and-mouse game with a killer who does not hesitate to take the fight to Lucas himself. And those he loves… WITH A NEW INTRODUCTION BY THE AUTHOR


Pdf ebook: The Little Prince

Pdf download ebook The Little Prince

Summary: First published in 1943, The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry has been translated into more than 250 languages, becoming a global phenomenon. The

  • Author : Antoine de Saint-Exupéry,General Press
  • Publisher: GENERAL PRESS
  • ISBN: 9387669661
  • Genre: Juvenile Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 136
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1488
  • Downloads: 1488
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Description: First published in 1943, The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry has been translated into more than 250 languages, becoming a global phenomenon. The Sahara desert is the scenery of Little Prince’s story. The narrator’s plane has crashed there and he has scarcely some food and water to survive. Trying to comprehend what caused the crash, the Little Prince appears. The serious blonde little boy asks to draw him a sheep. The narrator consents to the strange fellow’s request. They soon become friends and the Little Prince informs the pilot that he is from a small planet, the asteroid 325, talks to him about the baobabs, his planet volcanoes and the mysterious rose that grew on his planet. He also talks to him about their friendship and the lie that evoked his journey to other planets. Often puzzled by the grown-ups’ behavior, the little traveler becomes a total and eternal symbol of innocence and love, of responsibility and devotion. Through him we get to see how insightful children are and how grown-ups aren’t. Children use their heart to feel what’s really important, not the eyes. Heart-breaking, funny and thought-provoking, it is an enchanting and endlessly wise fable about the human condition and the power of imagination. A book about both childhood and adulthood, it can be read as a parable, a war story, a classic children's fairy-tale, and many more things besides: The Little Prince is a book for everyone; after all, all grown-ups were children once.


Pdf ebook: Think and Grow Rich

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Summary: Think and Grow Rich - Napoleon Hill - The most famous of all teachers of success spent "a fortune and the better part of a lifetime of effort" to produce t

  • Author : Napoleon Hill
  • Publisher: Phoemixx Classics Ebooks
  • ISBN: 3985943753
  • Genre: Self-Help
  • Number of Pages: 399
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1211
  • Downloads: 1211
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Description: Think and Grow Rich - Napoleon Hill - The most famous of all teachers of success spent "a fortune and the better part of a lifetime of effort" to produce the "Law of Success" philosophy that forms the basis of his books and that is so powerfully summarized and explained for the general public in this book. In Think and Grow Rich, Hill draws on stories of Andrew Carnegie, Thomas Edison, Henry Ford, and other millionaires of his generation to illustrate his principles. This book will teach you the secrets that could bring you a fortune. It will show you not only what to do but how to do it. Once you learn and apply the simple, basic techniques revealed here, you will have mastered the secret of true and lasting success. Money and material things are essential for freedom of body and mind, but there are some who will feel that the greatest of all riches can be evaluated only in terms of lasting friendships, loving family relationships, understanding between business associates, and introspective harmony which brings one true peace of mind! All who read, understand, and apply this philosophy will be better prepared to attract and enjoy these spiritual values.


Pdf ebook: Trophic Cascades

Pdf download ebook Trophic Cascades

Summary: Trophic cascades—the top-down regulation of ecosystems by predators—are an essential aspect of ecosystem function and well-being. Trophic cascades are

  • Author : John Terborgh,James A Estes
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • ISBN: 1597268194
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 488
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1194
  • Downloads: 1194
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Description: Trophic cascades—the top-down regulation of ecosystems by predators—are an essential aspect of ecosystem function and well-being. Trophic cascades are often drastically disrupted by human interventions—for example, when wolves and cougars are removed, allowing deer and beaver to become destructive—yet have only recently begun to be considered in the development of conservation and management strategies. Trophic Cascades is the first comprehensive presentation of the science on this subject. It brings together some of the world’s leading scientists and researchers to explain the importance of large animals in regulating ecosystems, and to relate that scientific knowledge to practical conservation. Chapters examine trophic cascades across the world’s major biomes, including intertidal habitats, coastal oceans, lakes, nearshore ecosystems, open oceans, tropical forests, boreal and temperate ecosystems, low arctic scrubland, savannas, and islands. Additional chapters consider aboveground/belowground linkages, predation and ecosystem processes, consumer control by megafauna and fire, and alternative states in ecosystems. An introductory chapter offers a concise overview of trophic cascades, while concluding chapters consider theoretical perspectives and comparative issues. Trophic Cascades provides a scientific basis and justification for the idea that large predators and top-down forcing must be considered in conservation strategies, alongside factors such as habitat preservation and invasive species. It is a groundbreaking work for scientists and managers involved with biodiversity conservation and protection.


Pdf ebook: Prey

Pdf download ebook Prey

Summary: NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • “Survival of the sexiest . . . This is high adventure and nonstop romantic suspense.”—Bookreporter Thirty-two-year-old

  • Author : Linda Howard
  • Publisher: Ballantine Books
  • ISBN: 0345526295
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Language: English
  • Views: 851
  • Downloads: 851
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Description: NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • “Survival of the sexiest . . . This is high adventure and nonstop romantic suspense.”—Bookreporter Thirty-two-year-old Angie Powell has always spoken her mind, but in the presence of Dare Callahan she nurses a simmering rage. Three years ago, Dare returned home to rural Montana and opened a hunting business to rival Angie’s own, forcing her to close up shop. The infuriatingly attractive Iraq war vet even had the nerve to ask Angie out, not once but twice. Before Angie leaves town, she organizes one last trip into the wilderness with a client. But the adrenaline-fueled adventure turns deadly when Angie witnesses a cold-blooded murder and finds herself on the wrong side of a gun. Then a bear comes crashing through the woods—changing the dark game completely. Luckily, Dare is camping nearby and comes to her aid. Forced together for survival, Angie and Dare must confront hard feelings, a blinding storm, and a growing attraction—while a desperate killer and a ferocious five-hundred-pound beast stalk their prey. BONUS: This edition contains an excerpt of Linda Howard and Linda Jones's Running Wild.


Pdf ebook: The Little Black Book of Scams

Pdf download ebook The Little Black Book of Scams

Summary: The Canadian edition of The Little Black Book of Scams is a compact and easy to use reference guide filled with information Canadians can use to protect th

  • Author : Industry Canada,Competition Bureau Canada
  • Publisher: Competition Bureau Canada
  • ISBN: 1100232400
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Number of Pages: 44
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1316
  • Downloads: 1316
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Description: The Canadian edition of The Little Black Book of Scams is a compact and easy to use reference guide filled with information Canadians can use to protect themselves against a variety of common scams. It debunks common myths about scams, provides contact information for reporting a scam to the correct authority, and offers a step-by-step guide for scam victims to reduce their losses and avoid becoming repeat victims. Consumers and businesses can consult The Little Black Book of Scams to avoid falling victim to social media and mobile phone scams, fake charities and lotteries, dating and romance scams, and many other schemes used to defraud Canadians of their money and personal information.


Pdf ebook: Modeling Life

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Summary: This book develops the mathematical tools essential for students in the life sciences to describe interacting systems and predict their behavior. From pred

  • Author : Alan Garfinkel,Jane Shevtsov,Yina Guo
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319597310
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Number of Pages: 445
  • Language: English
  • Views: 810
  • Downloads: 810
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Description: This book develops the mathematical tools essential for students in the life sciences to describe interacting systems and predict their behavior. From predator-prey populations in an ecosystem, to hormone regulation within the body, the natural world abounds in dynamical systems that affect us profoundly. Complex feedback relations and counter-intuitive responses are common in nature; this book develops the quantitative skills needed to explore these interactions. Differential equations are the natural mathematical tool for quantifying change, and are the driving force throughout this book. The use of Euler’s method makes nonlinear examples tractable and accessible to a broad spectrum of early-stage undergraduates, thus providing a practical alternative to the procedural approach of a traditional Calculus curriculum. Tools are developed within numerous, relevant examples, with an emphasis on the construction, evaluation, and interpretation of mathematical models throughout. Encountering these concepts in context, students learn not only quantitative techniques, but how to bridge between biological and mathematical ways of thinking. Examples range broadly, exploring the dynamics of neurons and the immune system, through to population dynamics and the Google PageRank algorithm. Each scenario relies only on an interest in the natural world; no biological expertise is assumed of student or instructor. Building on a single prerequisite of Precalculus, the book suits a two-quarter sequence for first or second year undergraduates, and meets the mathematical requirements of medical school entry. The later material provides opportunities for more advanced students in both mathematics and life sciences to revisit theoretical knowledge in a rich, real-world framework. In all cases, the focus is clear: how does the math help us understand the science?


Pdf ebook: Candide

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Summary: Candide by Voltaire from Coterie Classics All Coterie Classics have been formatted for ereaders and devices and include a bonus link to the free audio book

  • Author : Voltaire Voltaire
  • Publisher: Xist Publishing
  • ISBN: 1681959526
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Number of Pages: 131
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1082
  • Downloads: 1082
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Description: Candide by Voltaire from Coterie Classics All Coterie Classics have been formatted for ereaders and devices and include a bonus link to the free audio book. “Do you believe,' said Candide, 'that men have always massacred each other as they do to-day, that they have always been liars, cheats, traitors, ingrates, brigands, idiots, thieves, scoundrels, gluttons, drunkards, misers, envious, ambitious, bloody-minded, calumniators, debauchees, fanatics, hypocrites, and fools?' Do you believe,' said Martin, 'that hawks have always eaten pigeons when they have found them?” ― Voltaire, Candide Candide is a young man who is raised in wealth to be an optimist but when he is forced to make his own way in the world, his assumptions and outlook are challenged.


Pdf ebook: Wolves, Bears, and Their Prey in Alaska

Pdf download ebook Wolves, Bears, and Their Prey in Alaska

Summary: This book assesses Alaskan wolf and bear management programs from scientific and economic perspectives. Relevant factors that should be taken into account

  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Management of Wolf and Bear Populations in Alaska
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309174651
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 224
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1735
  • Downloads: 1735
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Description: This book assesses Alaskan wolf and bear management programs from scientific and economic perspectives. Relevant factors that should be taken into account when evaluating the utility of such programs are identified. The assessment includes a review of current scientific knowledge about the dynamics and management of large mammalian predator-prey relationships and human harvest of wildlife in northern ecosystems, and an evaluation of the extent to which existing research and management data allow prediction of the outcome of wolf management or control programs and grizzly bear management programs. Included is an evaluation of available economic studies and methodologies for estimating the costs and benefits of predator control programs in Alaska.