Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics

Summary: Philosophical ethics consists in the human endeavour to answer rationally the fundamental question of how we should live. The Oxford Handbook of the Histor

  • Author :
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191655767
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 920
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1237
  • Downloads: 1237
  • GET BOOK

Description: Philosophical ethics consists in the human endeavour to answer rationally the fundamental question of how we should live. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics explores the history of philosophical ethics in the western tradition from Homer until the present day. It provides a broad overview of the views of many of the main thinkers, schools, and periods, and includes in addition essays on topics such as autonomy and impartiality. The authors are international leaders in their field, and use their expertise and specialist knowledge to illuminate the relevance of their work to discussions in contemporary ethics. The essays are specially written for this volume, and in each case introduce the reader to the main lines of interpretation and criticism that have arisen in the professional history of philosophy over the past two or three decades.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Summary: The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory is a major new reference work in ethical theory consisting of commissioned essays by leading moral philosophers. Ethi

  • Author : David Copp
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198033721
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 680
  • Language: English
  • Views: 918
  • Downloads: 918
  • GET BOOK

Description: The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory is a major new reference work in ethical theory consisting of commissioned essays by leading moral philosophers. Ethical theories have always been of central importance to philosophy, and remain so; ethical theory is one of the most active areas of philosophical research and teaching today. Courses in ethics are taught in colleges and universities at all levels, and ethical theory is the organizing principle for all of them. The Handbook is divided into two parts, mirroring the field. The first part treats meta-ethical theory, which deals with theoretical questions about morality and moral judgment, including questions about moral language, the epistemology of moral belief, the truth aptness of moral claims, and so forth. The second part addresses normative theory, which deals with general moral issues, including the plausibility of various ethical theories and abstract principles of behavior. Examples of such theories are consequentialism and virtue theory. As with other Oxford Handbooks, the twenty-five contributors cover the field in a comprehensive and highly accessible way, while achieving three goals: exposition of central ideas, criticism of other approaches, and putting forth a distinct viewpoint.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of The History of Analytic Philosophy

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of The History of Analytic Philosophy

Summary: During the course of the twentieth century, analytic philosophy developed into the dominant philosophical tradition in the English-speaking world. In the l

  • Author : Michael Beaney
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191662674
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 1184
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1442
  • Downloads: 1442
  • GET BOOK

Description: During the course of the twentieth century, analytic philosophy developed into the dominant philosophical tradition in the English-speaking world. In the last two decades, it has become increasingly influential in the rest of the world, from continental Europe to Latin America and Asia. At the same time there has been deepening interest in the origins and history of analytic philosophy, as analytic philosophers examine the foundations of their tradition and question many of the assumptions of their predecessors. This has led to greater historical self-consciousness among analytic philosophers and more scholarly work on the historical contexts in which analytic philosophy developed. This historical turn in analytic philosophy has been gathering pace since the 1990s, and the present volume is the most comprehensive collection of essays to date on the history of analytic philosophy. It contains state-of-the-art contributions from many of the leading scholars in the field, all of the contributions specially commissioned. The introductory essays discuss the nature and historiography of analytic philosophy, accompanied by a detailed chronology and bibliography. Part One elucidates the origins of analytic philosophy, with special emphasis on the work of Frege, Russell, Moore, and Wittgenstein. Part Two explains the development of analytic philosophy, from Oxford realism and logical positivism to the most recent work in analytic philosophy, and includes essays on ethics, aesthetics, and political philosophy as well as on the areas usually seen as central to analytic philosophy, such as philosophy of language and mind. Part Three explores certain key themes in the history of analytic philosophy.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory

Summary: Value theory, or axiology, looks at what things are good or bad, how good or bad they are, and, most fundamentally, what it is for a thing to be good or ba

  • Author : Iwao Hirose,Jonas Olson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190273356
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1979
  • Downloads: 1979
  • GET BOOK

Description: Value theory, or axiology, looks at what things are good or bad, how good or bad they are, and, most fundamentally, what it is for a thing to be good or bad. Questions about value and about what is valuable are important to moral philosophers, since most moral theories hold that we ought to promote the good (even if this is not the only thing we ought to do). This Handbook focuses on value theory as it pertains to ethics, broadly construed, and provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary debates pertaining not only to philosophy but also to other disciplines-most notably, political theory and economics. The Handbook's twenty-two newly commissioned chapters are divided into three parts. Part I: Foundations concerns fundamental and interrelated issues about the nature of value and distinctions between kinds of value. Part II: Structure concerns formal properties of value that bear on the possibilities of measuring and comparing value. Part III: Extensions, finally, considers specific topics, ranging from health to freedom, where questions of value figure prominently.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion

Summary: This volume contains thirty-one state-of-the-art contributions from leading figures in the study of emotion today. The volume addresses all the central phi

  • Author : Peter Goldie
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191572632
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 722
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1022
  • Downloads: 1022
  • GET BOOK

Description: This volume contains thirty-one state-of-the-art contributions from leading figures in the study of emotion today. The volume addresses all the central philosophical issues in current emotion research, including: the nature of emotion and of emotional life; the history of emotion from Plato to Sartre; emotion and practical reason; emotion and the self; emotion, value, and morality; and emotion, art and aesthetics. Anyone interested in the philosophy of emotion, and its wide-ranging implications in other related fields such as morality and aesthetics, will want to consult this book. It will be a vital resource not only for scholars and graduate students but also for undergraduates who are finding their way into this fascinating topic.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Ethics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Ethics

Summary: We live during a crucial period of human history on Earth. Anthropogenic environmental changes are occurring on global scales at unprecedented rates. Despi

  • Author : Allen Thompson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190641606
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 624
  • Language: English
  • Views: 841
  • Downloads: 841
  • GET BOOK

Description: We live during a crucial period of human history on Earth. Anthropogenic environmental changes are occurring on global scales at unprecedented rates. Despite a long history of environmental intervention, never before has the collective impact of human behaviors threatened all of the major bio-systems on the planet. Decisions we make today will have significant consequences for the basic conditions of all life into the indefinite future. What should we do? How should we behave? In what ways ought we organize and respond? The future of the world as we know it depends on our actions today. A cutting-edge introduction to environmental ethics in a time of dramatic global environmental change, this collection contains forty-five newly commissioned articles, with contributions from well-established experts and emerging voices in the field. Chapters are arranged in topical sections: social contexts (history, science, economics, law, and the Anthropocene), who or what is of value (humanity, conscious animals, living individuals, and wild nature), the nature of value (truth and goodness, practical reasons, hermeneutics, phenomenology, and aesthetics), how things ought to matter (consequences, duty and obligation, character traits, caring for others, and the sacred), essential concepts (responsibility, justice, gender, rights, ecological space, risk and precaution, citizenship, future generations, and sustainability), key issues (pollution, population, energy, food, water, mass extinction, technology, and ecosystem management), climate change (mitigation, adaptation, diplomacy, and geoengineering), and social change (conflict, pragmatism, sacrifice, and action). Each chapter explains the role played by central theories, ideas, issues, and concepts in contemporary environmental ethics, and their relevance for the challenges of the future.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe

Summary: In this Handbook twenty-six leading scholars survey the development of philosophy between the middle of the sixteenth century and the early eighteenth cent

  • Author : Desmond M. Clarke,Catherine Wilson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191654248
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 775
  • Downloads: 775
  • GET BOOK

Description: In this Handbook twenty-six leading scholars survey the development of philosophy between the middle of the sixteenth century and the early eighteenth century. The five parts of the book cover metaphysics and natural philosophy; the mind, the passions, and aesthetics; epistemology, logic, mathematics, and language; ethics and political philosophy; and religion. The period between the publication of Copernicus's De Revolutionibus and Berkeley's reflections on Newton and Locke saw one of the most fundamental changes in the history of our way of thinking about the universe. This radical transformation of worldview was partly a response to what we now call the Scientific Revolution; it was equally a reflection of political changes that were no less fundamental, which included the establishment of nation-states and some of the first attempts to formulate a theory of international rights and justice. Finally, the Reformation and its aftermath undermined the apparent unity of the Christian church in Europe and challenged both religious beliefs that had been accepted for centuries and the interpretation of the Bible on which they had been based. The Handbook surveys a number of the most important developments in the philosophy of the period, as these are expounded both in texts that have since become very familiar and in other philosophical texts that are undeservedly less well-known. It also reaches beyond the philosophy to make evident the fluidity of the boundary with science, and to consider the impact on philosophy of historical and political events—explorations, revolutions and reforms, inventions and discoveries. Thus it not only offers a guide to the most important areas of recent research, but also offers some new questions for historians of philosophy to pursue and to have indicated areas that are ripe for further exploration.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Causation

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Causation

Summary: Causation is a central topic in many areas of philosophy. In metaphysics, philosophers want to know what causation is, and how it is related to laws of nat

  • Author : Helen Beebee,Christopher Hitchcock,Peter Menzies
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191629464
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 816
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1629
  • Downloads: 1629
  • GET BOOK

Description: Causation is a central topic in many areas of philosophy. In metaphysics, philosophers want to know what causation is, and how it is related to laws of nature, probability, action, and freedom of the will. In epistemology, philosophers investigate how causal claims can be inferred from statistical data, and how causation is related to perception, knowledge and explanation. In the philosophy of mind, philosophers want to know whether and how the mind can be said to have causal efficacy, and in ethics, whether there is a moral distinction between acts and omissions and whether the moral value of an act can be judged according to its consequences. And causation is a contested concept in other fields of enquiry, such as biology, physics, and the law. This book provides an in-depth and comprehensive overview of these and other topics, as well as the history of the causation debate from the ancient Greeks to the logical empiricists. The chapters provide surveys of contemporary debates, while often also advancing novel and controversial claims; and each includes a comprehensive bibliography and suggestions for further reading. The book is thus the most comprehensive source of information about causation currently available, and will be invaluable for upper-level undergraduates through to professional philosophers.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy

Summary: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy presents fifty original essays, each specially written by a leading figure in the field, coverin

  • Author : George Klosko
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191617415
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 864
  • Language: English
  • Views: 484
  • Downloads: 484
  • GET BOOK

Description: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy presents fifty original essays, each specially written by a leading figure in the field, covering the entire subject of the history of political philosophy. They provide not only surveys of the state of research but substantial pieces that engage with, and move forward, current debates. Part I addresses questions of method. Contributors discuss the contextual method, classically articulated by Quentin Skinner, along with important alternative methods associated with Leo Strauss and his followers, and contemporary post-modernism. This section also examines the value of the history of political philosophy and the history of the discipline itself. Part II, Chronological Periods, works through the entire history of Western political philosophy. While most contributions address recognizable chronological periods, others are devoted to more specialized topics, including the influence of Roman Law, medieval Arabic political philosophy, Socialism, and Marxism. Aspects of the history of political philosophy that transcend specific periods are the subject of Part III. Essays on topics such as democracy, the state, and imperialism trace theoretical developments over time. The histories of major non-Western traditions-Muslim, Confucian, and Hindu-are discussed in the final Part, with special reference to their relationships to Western political thought.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Plato

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Plato

Summary: Plato is the best known, and continues to be the most widely studied, of all the ancient Greek philosophers. The updated and original essays in the second

  • Author : Gail Fine
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190639741
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 800
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1903
  • Downloads: 1903
  • GET BOOK

Description: Plato is the best known, and continues to be the most widely studied, of all the ancient Greek philosophers. The updated and original essays in the second edition of the Oxford Handbook of Plato provide in-depth discussions of a variety of topics and dialogues, all serving several functions at once: they survey the current academic landscape; express and develop the authors' own views; and situate those views within a range of alternatives. The result is a useful state-of-the-art reference to the man many consider the most important philosophical thinker in history. This second edition of the Oxford Handbook of Plato differs in two main ways from the first edition. First, six leading scholars of ancient philosophy have contributed entirely new chapters: Hugh Benson on the Apology, Crito, and Euthyphro; James Warren on the Protagoras and Gorgias; Lindsay Judson on the Meno; Luca Castagnoli on the Phaedo; Susan Sauvé Meyer on the Laws; and David Sedley on Plato's theology. This new edition therefore covers both dialogues and topics in more depth than the first edition did. Secondly, most of the original chapters have been revised and updated, some in small, others in large, ways.


Pdf ebook: History of Ethics

Pdf download ebook History of Ethics

Summary: Is there an objective moral standard that applies to all our actions? To what extent should I sacrifice my own interests for the sake of others? How might

  • Author : Daniel Star,Roger Crisp
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119235936
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1586
  • Downloads: 1586
  • GET BOOK

Description: Is there an objective moral standard that applies to all our actions? To what extent should I sacrifice my own interests for the sake of others? How might philosophers of the past help us think about contemporary ethical problems? As the most recent addition to the Blackwell Readings in Philosophy series, History of Ethics: Essential Readings with Commentary brings together rich and varied excerpts of canonical work and contemporary scholarship to span the history of Western moral philosophy in one volume. Editors Star and Crisp, noted scholars in their fields, expertly introduce the readings to illuminate the main philosophical ideas and arguments in each selection, and connect them to broader themes. These detailed and incisive editorial commentaries make the primary source texts accessible to students while guiding them chronologically through the history of Western ethics. Structured around a thematic table of contents divided into three distinct sections, History of Ethics charts patterns in the development of ethical thought across time to highlight connections between intellectual movements. Selections range from the work of well-known figures such as Plato, Aristotle, Nietzsche, and Mill to the work of philosophers often overlooked by such anthologies, including Butler, Smith, Sidgwick, Anscombe, Foot, and Frankena. Star and Crisp skillfully arrange the collection to connect readings to contemporary issues and interests by featuring examples such as Aquinas on self-defense and the doctrine of double effect, Kant on virtue, and Mill’s The Subjection of Women. Written for students and scholars of ethics, History of Ethics is a comprehensive collection of readings with expert editorial commentary that curates the most important and influential work in the history of ethics in the Western world.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics

Summary: The Oxford Handbooks series is a major new initiative in academic publishing. Each volume offers an authoritative and up-to-date survey of original researc

  • Author : Hugh LaFollette
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191586196
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: N.A
  • Language: English
  • Views: 739
  • Downloads: 739
  • GET BOOK

Description: The Oxford Handbooks series is a major new initiative in academic publishing. Each volume offers an authoritative and up-to-date survey of original research in a particular subject area. Specially commissioned essays from leading figures in the discipline give critical examinations of the progress and direction of debates. Oxford Handbooks provide scholars and graduate students with compelling new perspectives upon a wide range of subjects in the humanities and social sciences. The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics is a lively and authoritative guide to current thought about ethical issues in all areas of human activity—personal, medical, sexual, social, political, judicial, and international, from the natural world to the world of business. Twenty-eight topics are covered in specially written surveys by leading figures in their fields: each gives an authoritative map of the ethical terrain, explaining how the debate has developed in recent years, engaging critically with the most notable work in the area, and pointing directions for future work. The Handbook will be essential reading, and a fascinating resource of ideas and information, for academics and students across a wide range of disciplines.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics

Summary: Many forms of Buddhism, divergent in philosophy and style, emerged as Buddhism filtered out of India into other parts of Asia. Nonetheless, all of them emb

  • Author : Daniel Cozort,James Mark Shields
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191063169
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: 736
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1292
  • Downloads: 1292
  • GET BOOK

Description: Many forms of Buddhism, divergent in philosophy and style, emerged as Buddhism filtered out of India into other parts of Asia. Nonetheless, all of them embodied an ethical core that is remarkably consistent. Articulated by the historical Buddha in his first sermon, this moral core is founded on the concept of karma—that intentions and actions have future consequences for an individual—and is summarized as Right Speech, Right Action, and Right Livelihood, three of the elements of the Eightfold Path. Although they were later elaborated and interpreted in a multitude of ways, none of these core principles were ever abandoned. The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics provides a comprehensive overview of the field of Buddhist ethics in the twenty-first century. The Handbook discusses the foundations of Buddhist ethics focusing on karma and the precepts looking at abstinence from harming others, stealing, and intoxication. It considers ethics in the different Buddhist traditions and the similarities they share, and compares Buddhist ethics to Western ethics and the psychology of moral judgments. The volume also investigates Buddhism and society analysing economics, environmental ethics, and Just War ethics. The final section focuses on contemporary issues surrounding Buddhist ethics, including gender, sexuality, animal rights, and euthanasia. This groundbreaking collection offers an indispensable reference work for students and scholars of Buddhist ethics and comparative moral philosophy.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics

Summary: Natural disasters and cholera outbreaks. Ebola, SARS, and concerns over pandemic flu. HIV and AIDS. E. coli outbreaks from contaminated produce and fast fo

  • Author : Anna C. Mastroianni,Jeffrey P. Kahn,Nancy E. Kass
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190245212
  • Genre: Medical
  • Number of Pages: 992
  • Language: English
  • Views: 499
  • Downloads: 499
  • GET BOOK

Description: Natural disasters and cholera outbreaks. Ebola, SARS, and concerns over pandemic flu. HIV and AIDS. E. coli outbreaks from contaminated produce and fast foods. Threats of bioterrorism. Contamination of compounded drugs. Vaccination refusals and outbreaks of preventable diseases. These are just some of the headlines from the last 30-plus years highlighting the essential roles and responsibilities of public health, all of which come with ethical issues and the responsibilities they create. Public health has achieved extraordinary successes. And yet these successes also bring with them ethical tension. Not all public health successes are equally distributed in the population; extraordinary health disparities between rich and poor still exist. The most successful public health programs sometimes rely on policies that, while improving public health conditions, also limit individual rights. Public health practitioners and policymakers face these and other questions of ethics routinely in their work, and they must navigate their sometimes competing responsibilities to the health of the public with other important societal values such as privacy, autonomy, and prevailing cultural norms. This Oxford Handbook provides a sweeping and comprehensive review of the current state of public health ethics, addressing these and numerous other questions. Taking account of the wide range of topics under the umbrella of public health and the ethical issues raised by them, this volume is organized into fifteen sections. It begins with two sections that discuss the conceptual foundations, ethical tensions, and ethical frameworks of and for public health and how public health does its work. The thirteen sections that follow examine the application of public health ethics considerations and approaches across a broad range of public health topics. While chapters are organized into topical sections, each chapter is designed to serve as a standalone contribution. The book includes 73 chapters covering many topics from varying perspectives, a recognition of the diversity of the issues that define public health ethics in the U.S. and globally. This Handbook is an authoritative and indispensable guide to the state of public health ethics today.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of War

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of War

Summary: Recent years have seen a resurgence of interest, among both philosophers, legal scholars, and military experts, on the ethics of war. Due in part due to po

  • Author : Seth Lazar,Helen Frowe
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190876611
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Views: 601
  • Downloads: 601
  • GET BOOK

Description: Recent years have seen a resurgence of interest, among both philosophers, legal scholars, and military experts, on the ethics of war. Due in part due to post 9/11 events, this resurgence is also due to a growing theoretical sophistication among scholars in this area. Recently there has been very influential work published on the justificaton of killing in self-defense and war, and the topic of the ethics of war is now more important than ever as a discrete field. The 28 commissioned chapters in this Handbook will present a comprehensive overview of the field as well as make significant and novel contributions, and collectively they will set the terms of the debate for the next decade. Lazar and Frowe will invite the leading scholars in the field to write on topics that are new to them, making the volume a compilation of fresh ideas rather than a rehash of earlier work. The volume will be dicided into five sections: Method, History, Resort, Conduct, and Aftermath. The contributors will be a mix of junior and senior figures, and will include well known scholars like Michael Walzer, Jeff McMahan, and David Rodin.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Virtue

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Virtue

Summary: The late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have seen a renaissance in the study of virtue -- a topic that has prevailed in philosophical work sinc

  • Author : Nancy E. Snow
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190843101
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 960
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1747
  • Downloads: 1747
  • GET BOOK

Description: The late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have seen a renaissance in the study of virtue -- a topic that has prevailed in philosophical work since the time of Aristotle. Several major developments have conspired to mark this new age. Foremost among them, some argue, is the birth of virtue ethics, an approach to ethics that focuses on virtue in place of consequentialism (the view that normative properties depend only on consequences) or deontology (the study of what we have a moral duty to do). The emergence of new virtue theories also marks this new wave of work on virtue. Put simply, these are theories about what virtue is, and they include Kantian and utilitarian virtue theories. Concurrently, virtue ethics is being applied to other fields where it hasn't been used before, including bioethics and education. In addition to these developments, the study of virtue in epistemological theories has become increasingly widespread to the point that it has spawned a subfield known as 'virtue epistemology.' This volume therefore provides a representative overview of philosophical work on virtue. It is divided into seven parts: conceptualizations of virtue, historical and religious accounts, contemporary virtue ethics and theories of virtue, central concepts and issues, critical examinations, applied virtue ethics, and virtue epistemology. Forty-two chapters by distinguished scholars offer insights and directions for further research. In addition to philosophy, authors also deal with virtues in non-western philosophical traditions, religion, and psychological perspectives on virtue.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics

Summary: Academic food ethics incorporates work from philosophy but also anthropology, economics, the environmental sciences and other natural sciences, geography,

  • Author : Anne Barnhill,Tyler Doggett,Mark Budolfson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190699248
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 640
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1504
  • Downloads: 1504
  • GET BOOK

Description: Academic food ethics incorporates work from philosophy but also anthropology, economics, the environmental sciences and other natural sciences, geography, law, and sociology. Scholars from these fields have been producing work for decades on the food system, and on ethical, social, and policy issues connected to the food system. Yet in the last several years, there has been a notable increase in philosophical work on these issues-work that draws on multiple literatures within practical ethics, normative ethics and political philosophy. This handbook provides a sample of that philosophical work across multiple areas of food ethics: conventional agriculture and alternatives to it; animals; consumption; food justice; food politics; food workers; and, food and identity.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of International Psychological Ethics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of International Psychological Ethics

Summary: The need for quality standards and rules of conduct concerning all aspects of the activities of psychology has long been acknowledged. In particular, over

  • Author : Mark M. Leach,Michael J. Stevens,Geoff Lindsay,Andrea Ferrero,Yesim Korkut
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199978689
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1844
  • Downloads: 1844
  • GET BOOK

Description: The need for quality standards and rules of conduct concerning all aspects of the activities of psychology has long been acknowledged. In particular, over the last few years there has been a growing awareness of the need for and the advantage of internationally recognized ethical standards, particularly concerning research and practice and the well-being of individuals and societies. With this need in mind, this volume provides the most comprehensive assembly of facts and visions across the entire field of psychological ethics that one could imagine. The Oxford Handbook of International Psychological Ethics is the state-of-the-art source for information on psychological ethics worldwide, and offers an inclusive international review of contemporary and emerging ethical issues within the profession and science of psychology. There is no comparable book on the market, notwithstanding the importance and timeliness of the topics to be covered. These include: - a concise history of ethical standards of psychology - cutting-edge developments and challenges in international psychological ethics, such as the search for universal ethical standards, ethical issues when working cross-nationally with immigrants and refugees, and ethical responses to security risks - ethical developments and issues within specific geographical regions - research utilizing the new media With its broad scope and perspective informed by a synthesis of international scholarship and practice, this handbook will inform readers from around the world of existing and emerging issues and trends that confront psychological ethics.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Kierkegaard

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Kierkegaard

Summary: The Oxford Handbook of Kierkegaard brings together some of the most distinguished contemporary contributors to Kierkegaard research together with some of t

  • Author : John Lippitt,George Pattison
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191612111
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: 640
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1804
  • Downloads: 1804
  • GET BOOK

Description: The Oxford Handbook of Kierkegaard brings together some of the most distinguished contemporary contributors to Kierkegaard research together with some of the more gifted younger commentators on Kierkegaard's work. There is significant input from scholars based in Copenhagen's Søren Kierkegaard Research Centre, as well as from philosophers and theologians from Britain, Germany, and the United States. Part 1 presents some of the philological, historical, and contextual work that has been produced in recent years, establishing a firm basis for the more interpretative essays found in following parts. This includes looking at the history of his published and unpublished works, his cultural and social context, and his relation to Romanticism, German Idealism, the Church, the Bible, and theological traditions. Part 2 moves from context and background to the exposition of some of the key ideas and issues in Kierkegaard's writings. Attention is paid to his style, his treatment of ethics, culture, society, the self, time, theology, love, irony, and death. Part 3 looks at the impact of Kierkegaard's thought and at how it continues to influence philosophy, theology, and literature. After an examination of issues around translating Kierkegaard, this section includes comparisons with Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Wittgenstein, as well as examining his role in modern theology, moral theology, phenomenology, postmodernism, and literature.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Philosophy

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Philosophy

Summary: Japanese philosophy is now a flourishing field with thriving societies, journals, and conferences dedicated to it around the world, made possible by an eve

  • Author : Bret W. Davis
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190068965
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 752
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1378
  • Downloads: 1378
  • GET BOOK

Description: Japanese philosophy is now a flourishing field with thriving societies, journals, and conferences dedicated to it around the world, made possible by an ever-increasing library of translations, books, and articles. The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Philosophy is a foundation-laying reference work that covers, in detail and depth, the entire span of this philosophical tradition, from ancient times to the present. It introduces and examines the most important topics, figures, schools, and texts from the history of philosophical thinking in premodern and modern Japan. Each chapter, written by a leading scholar in the field, clearly elucidates and critically engages with its topic in a manner that demonstrates its contemporary philosophical relevance. The Handbook opens with an extensive introductory chapter that addresses the multifaceted question, "What is Japanese Philosophy?" The first fourteen chapters cover the premodern history of Japanese philosophy, with sections dedicated to Shinto and the Synthetic Nature of Japanese Philosophical Thought, Philosophies of Japanese Buddhism, and Philosophies of Japanese Confucianism and Bushido. Next, seventeen chapters are devoted to Modern Japanese Philosophies. After a chapter on the initial encounter with and appropriation of Western philosophy in the late nineteenth-century, this large section is divided into one subsection on the most well-known group of twentieth-century Japanese philosophers, The Kyoto School, and a second subsection on the no less significant array of Other Modern Japanese Philosophies. Rounding out the volume is a section on Pervasive Topics in Japanese Philosophical Thought, which covers areas such as philosophy of language, philosophy of nature, ethics, and aesthetics, spanning a range of schools and time periods. This volume will be an invaluable resource specifically to students and scholars of Japanese philosophy, as well as more generally to those interested in Asian and comparative philosophy and East Asian studies.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI

Summary: This volume tackles a quickly-evolving field of inquiry, mapping the existing discourse as part of a general attempt to place current developments in histo

  • Author : Markus D. Dubber,Frank Pasquale,Sunit Das
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190067403
  • Genre: Law
  • Number of Pages: 1000
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1426
  • Downloads: 1426
  • GET BOOK

Description: This volume tackles a quickly-evolving field of inquiry, mapping the existing discourse as part of a general attempt to place current developments in historical context; at the same time, breaking new ground in taking on novel subjects and pursuing fresh approaches. The term "A.I." is used to refer to a broad range of phenomena, from machine learning and data mining to artificial general intelligence. The recent advent of more sophisticated AI systems, which function with partial or full autonomy and are capable of tasks which require learning and 'intelligence', presents difficult ethical questions, and has drawn concerns from many quarters about individual and societal welfare, democratic decision-making, moral agency, and the prevention of harm. This work ranges from explorations of normative constraints on specific applications of machine learning algorithms today-in everyday medical practice, for instance-to reflections on the (potential) status of AI as a form of consciousness with attendant rights and duties and, more generally still, on the conceptual terms and frameworks necessarily to understand tasks requiring intelligence, whether "human" or "A.I."


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes

Summary: The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes collects twenty-six newly commissioned, original chapters on the philosophy of the English thinker Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679).

  • Author : A.P. Martinich,Kinch Hoekstra
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190600578
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 680
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1986
  • Downloads: 1986
  • GET BOOK

Description: The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes collects twenty-six newly commissioned, original chapters on the philosophy of the English thinker Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679). Best known today for his important influence on political philosophy, Hobbes was in fact a wide and deep thinker on a diverse range of issues. The chapters included in this Oxford Handbook cover the full range of Hobbes's thought--his philosophy of logic and language; his view of physics and scientific method; his ethics, political philosophy, and philosophy of law; and his views of religion, history, and literature. Several of the chapters overlap in fruitful ways, so that the reader can see the richness and depth of Hobbes's thought from a variety of perspectives. The contributors are experts on Hobbes from many countries, whose home disciplines include philosophy, political science, history, and literature. A substantial introduction places Hobbes's work, and contemporary scholarship on Hobbes, in a broad context.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Qualitative Research

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Qualitative Research

Summary: The Oxford Handbook of Qualitative Research presents a comprehensive overview of the field of qualitative research. It is intended for students of all leve

  • Author : Patricia Leavy PhD
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199811822
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 600
  • Language: English
  • Views: 309
  • Downloads: 309
  • GET BOOK

Description: The Oxford Handbook of Qualitative Research presents a comprehensive overview of the field of qualitative research. It is intended for students of all levels, faculty, and researchers across the social sciences. The contributors represent some of the most influential and innovative researchers in the field as well as emerging scholars. This handbook provides a broad introduction to the field of qualitative research to those with little to no background in the subject, while simultaneously providing substantive contributions to the field that will be of interest to even the most experienced researchers. It serves as a user-friendly teaching tool suitable for a range of undergraduate or graduate courses, as well as individuals working on their thesis or other research projects. With a focus on methodological instruction, this volume offers both a retrospective and prospective view of the field. The first two sections explore the history of the field, ethics, and philosophical/theoretical approaches. The next three sections focus on the major methods of qualitative practice as well as newer approaches (such as arts-based research and internet research); area studies often excluded (such as museum studies and disaster studies); and mixed methods and participatory methods (such as community-based research). The next section covers key issues including data analysis, interpretation, writing and assessment. The final section offers a commentary about politics and research and the move towards public scholarship.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Professional Economic Ethics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Professional Economic Ethics

Summary: For over a century the economics profession has extended its reach to encompass policy formation and institutional design while largely ignoring the ethica

  • Author : George F. DeMartino,Deirdre N. McCloskey
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190269979
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 688
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1637
  • Downloads: 1637
  • GET BOOK

Description: For over a century the economics profession has extended its reach to encompass policy formation and institutional design while largely ignoring the ethical challenges that attend the profession's influence over the lives of others. Economists have proven to be disinterested in ethics. Embracing emotivism, they often treat ethics a matter of mere preference. Moreover, economists tend to be hostile to professional economic ethics, which they incorrectly equate with a code of conduct that would be at best ineffectual and at worst disruptive to good economic practice. But good ethical reasoning is not reducible to mere tastes, and professional ethics is not reducible to a code. Instead, professional economic ethics refers to a new field of investigation-a tradition of sustained and lively inquiry into the irrepressible ethical entailments of academic and applied economic practice. The Oxford Handbook of Professional Economic Ethics explores a wide range of questions related to the nature of ethical economic practice and the content of professional economic ethics. It explores current thinking that has emerged in these areas while widening substantially the terrain of economic ethics. There has never been a volume that poses so directly and intensively the question of the need for and content of professional ethics for economics. The Handbook incorporates the work of leading scholars and practitioners, including academic economists from various theoretical traditions; applied economists, beyond academia, whose work has direct and immense social impact; and philosophers, professional ethicists, and others whose work has addressed the nature of "professionalism" and its implications for ethical practice.


Pdf ebook: Research Ethics

Pdf download ebook Research Ethics

Summary: Medicine in the twenty-first century is increasingly reliant on research to guarantee the safety and efficacy of medical interventions. As a result, the ne

  • Author : Ana Smith Iltis
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135991499
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 192
  • Language: English
  • Views: 746
  • Downloads: 746
  • GET BOOK

Description: Medicine in the twenty-first century is increasingly reliant on research to guarantee the safety and efficacy of medical interventions. As a result, the need to understand the ethical issues that research generates is becoming essential. This volume introduces the principal areas of concern in research on human subjects, offering a framework for understanding research ethics, and the relationship between ethics and compliance. Research Ethics brings together leading scholars in bioethics and the topics covered include the unique concerns that arise in specific areas of research such as gene therapy and stem cell research. Individual chapters also address the ethical issues that occur when conducting research with specific populations such as infants or adolescents, and the volume looks at important emerging questions in human subjects research, namely financial conflicts of interest and the interpretation of scientific data.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Time

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Time

Summary: As the study of time has flourished in the physical and human sciences, the philosophy of time has come into its own as a lively and diverse area of academ

  • Author : Craig Callender
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191617245
  • Genre: Science
  • Number of Pages: 704
  • Language: English
  • Views: 720
  • Downloads: 720
  • GET BOOK

Description: As the study of time has flourished in the physical and human sciences, the philosophy of time has come into its own as a lively and diverse area of academic research. Philosophers investigate not just the metaphysics of time, and our experience and representation of time, but the role of time in ethics and action, and philosophical issues in the sciences of time, especially with regard to quantum mechanics and relativity theory. This Handbook presents twenty-three specially written essays by leading figures in their fields: it is the first comprehensive collaborative study of the philosophy of time, and will set the agenda for future work.


Pdf ebook: The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Discrimination

Pdf download ebook The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Discrimination

Summary: While it has many connections to other topics in normative and applied ethics, discrimination is a central subject in philosophy in its own right. It plays

  • Author : Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317400755
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 462
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1149
  • Downloads: 1149
  • GET BOOK

Description: While it has many connections to other topics in normative and applied ethics, discrimination is a central subject in philosophy in its own right. It plays a significant role in relation to many real-life complaints about unjust treatment or unjust inequalities, and it raises a number of questions in political and moral philosophy, and in legal theory. Some of these questions include: what distinguishes the concept of discrimination from the concept of differential treatment? What distinguishes direct from indirect discrimination? Is discrimination always morally wrong? What makes discrimination wrong? How should we eliminate the effects of discrimination? By covering a wide range of topics, and by doing so in a way that does not assume prior acquaintance, this handbook enables the reader to get to grips with the omnipresent issue. The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Discrimination is an outstanding reference source to this exciting subject and the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors the handbook is divided into six main parts: • conceptual issues • the wrongness of discrimination • groups of ‘discriminatees’ • sites of discrimination • causes and means • history of discrimination. Essential reading for students and researchers in applied ethics and political philosophy the handbook will also be very useful for those in related fields, such as law, sociology and politics.


Pdf ebook: Oxford Handbook of Psychotherapy Ethics

Pdf download ebook Oxford Handbook of Psychotherapy Ethics

Summary: Psychotherapy is an indispensable approach in the treatment of mental disorders and, for some mental disorders, it is the most effective treatment. Yet, ps

  • Author : Manuel Trachsel,Nikola Biller-Andorno,Jens Gaab,John Sadler,Serife Tekin
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192549499
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Number of Pages: 900
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1774
  • Downloads: 1774
  • GET BOOK

Description: Psychotherapy is an indispensable approach in the treatment of mental disorders and, for some mental disorders, it is the most effective treatment. Yet, psychotherapy is abound with ethical issues. In psychotherapy ethics, numerous fundamental ethical issues converge, including self-determination/autonomy, decision-making capacity and freedom of choice, coercion and constraint, medical paternalism, the fine line between healthiness and illness, insight into illness and need of therapy, dignity, under- and overtreatment, and much more. The Oxford Handbook of Psychotherapy Ethics explores a whole range of ethical issues in the heterogenous field of psychotherapy thereby closing a widespread perceived gap between ethical sensitivity, technical language, and knowledge among psychotherapists. The book is intended not only for a clinical audience, but also for a philosophical/ethical audience - linking the two disciplines by fostering a productive dialogue between them, thereby enriching both the psychotherapeutic encounter and the ethical analysis and sensitivity in and outside the clinic. An essential book for psychotherapists in clinical practice, it will also be valuable for those professionals providing mental health services beyond psychology and medicine, including counsellors, social workers, nurses, and ministers.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism

Summary: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism comprises thirty six essays by an international team of leading scholars, providing a global coverage of

  • Author : John Breuilly
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191644269
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Number of Pages: 818
  • Language: English
  • Views: 475
  • Downloads: 475
  • GET BOOK

Description: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism comprises thirty six essays by an international team of leading scholars, providing a global coverage of the history of nationalism in its different aspects - ideas, sentiments, and politics. Every chapter takes the form of an interpretative essay which, by a combination of thematic focus, comparison, and regional perspective, enables the reader to understand nationalism as a distinct and global historical subject. The book covers the emergence of nationalist ideas, sentiments, and cultural movements before the formation of a world of nation-states as well as nationalist politics before and after the era of the nation-state, with chapters covering Europe, the Middle East, North-East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Americas. Essays on everday national sentiment and race ideas in fascism are accompanied by chapters on nationalist movements opposed to existing nation-states, nationalism and international relations, and the role of external intervention into nationalist disputes within states. In addition, the book looks at the major challenges to nationalism: international socialism, religion, pan-nationalism, and globalization, before a final section considering how historians have approached the subject of nationalism. Taken separately, the chapters in this Handbook will deepen understanding of nationalism in particular times and places; taken together they will enable the reader to see nationalism as a distinct subject in modern world history.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics

Summary: The interaction of Judaism and economics encompasses many different dimensions. Much of this interaction can be explored through the way in which Jewish la

  • Author : Aaron Levine
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199780563
  • Genre: Religion
  • Number of Pages: 720
  • Language: English
  • Views: 401
  • Downloads: 401
  • GET BOOK

Description: The interaction of Judaism and economics encompasses many different dimensions. Much of this interaction can be explored through the way in which Jewish law accommodates and even enhances commercial practice today and in past societies. From this context, The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics explores how Judaism as a religion and Jews as a people relate to the economic sphere of life in modern society as well as in the past. Bringing together an astonishingly strong group of top scholars, the volume approaches the subject from a variety of angles, providing one of the most comprehensive, well-rounded, and authoritative accounts of the intersections of Judaism and economics yet produced. Aaron Levine first offers a brief overview of the nature and development of Jewish law as a legal system, then presents essays from a variety of angles and areas of expertise. The book offers contributions on economic theory in the bible and in the Talmud; on the interaction between Jewish law, ethics, modern society, and public policy; then presents illuminating explorations of Judaism throughout economic history and the ways in which economics has influenced Jewish history. The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics at last offers an extensive and welcome resource by leading scholars and economists on the vast and delightfully complex relationship between economics and Judaism.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Schopenhauer

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Schopenhauer

Summary: More than two hundred years after the publication of his seminal The World as Will and Representation, Arthur Schopenhauer's influence is still felt in phi

  • Author : Robert L. Wicks
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190660074
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 544
  • Language: English
  • Views: 372
  • Downloads: 372
  • GET BOOK

Description: More than two hundred years after the publication of his seminal The World as Will and Representation, Arthur Schopenhauer's influence is still felt in philosophy and beyond. As one of the most readable and central philosophers of the 19th century, his work inspired the most influential thinkers and artists of his time, including Nietzsche, Freud, and Wagner. Though known primarily as a herald of philosophical pessimism, the full range of his contributions is displayed here in a collection of thirty-one essays on the forefront of Schopenhauer scholarship. Essays written by contemporary Schopenhauer scholars explore his central notions, including the will, empirical knowledge, and the sublime, and widens to the interplay of ethics and religion with Schopenhauer's philosophy. Authors confront difficult aspects of Schopenhauer's work and legacy--for example, the extent to which Schopenhauer adopted ideas from his predecessors compared to how much was original and visionary in his central claim that reality is a blind, senseless "will," the effectiveness of his philosophy in the field of scientific explanation and extrasensory phenomena, and the role of beauty and sublimity in his outlook. Essays also challenge prevailing assumptions about Schopenhauer by exploring the fundamental role of compassion in his moral theory, the Hindu, Christian, and Buddhist aspects of his philosophy, and the importance of asceticism in his views on the meaning of life. The collection is an internationally constituted work that reflects upon Schopenhauer's philosophy with authors presently working across the globe. It demonstrates fully the richness of Schopenhauer's work and his lasting impact on philosophy and psychoanalysis, as well as upon music, the visual arts, and literature.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Phenomenology

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of the History of Phenomenology

Summary: This Oxford Handbook offers a broad critical survey of the development of phenomenology, one of the main streams of philosophy since the nineteenth century

  • Author : Dan Zahavi
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191071811
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 784
  • Language: English
  • Views: 785
  • Downloads: 785
  • GET BOOK

Description: This Oxford Handbook offers a broad critical survey of the development of phenomenology, one of the main streams of philosophy since the nineteenth century. It comprises thirty-seven specially written chapters by leading figures in the field, which highlight historical influences, connections and developments, and offer a better comprehension and assessment of the continuity as well as diversity of the phenomenological tradition. The handbook is divided into three distinct parts. The first part addresses the way phenomenology has been influenced by earlier periods or figures in the history of philosophy. The second part contains chapters targeting prominent phenomenologists: How was their work affected by earlier figures, how did their own views change over time, and what kind of influence did they exert on subsequent thinkers? The contributions in the third part trace various core topics such as subjectivity, intersubjectivity, embodiment, spatiality, imagination etc. in the work of different phenomenologists, in order to explore how the notions were transformed, enriched, and expanded up through the century. This volume will be a source of insight for philosophers, students of philosophy, and for people working in other disciplines of the humanities, social sciences, and sciences, who are interested in the phenomenological tradition. It is an authoritative guide to how phenomenology started, how it developed, and where it is heading.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Legal History

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Legal History

Summary: Some of the most exciting and innovative legal scholarship has been driven by historical curiosity. Legal history today comes in a fascinating array of sha

  • Author : Markus D. Dubber,Christopher Tomlins
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192513133
  • Genre: Law
  • Number of Pages: 1152
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1043
  • Downloads: 1043
  • GET BOOK

Description: Some of the most exciting and innovative legal scholarship has been driven by historical curiosity. Legal history today comes in a fascinating array of shapes and sizes, from microhistory to global intellectual history. Legal history has expanded beyond traditional parochial boundaries to become increasingly international and comparative in scope and orientation. Drawing on scholarship from around the world, and representing a variety of methodological approaches, areas of expertise, and research agendas, this timely compendium takes stock of legal history and methodology and reflects on the various modes of the historical analysis of law, past, present, and future. Part I explores the relationship between legal history and other disciplinary perspectives including economic, philosophical, comparative, literary, and rhetorical analysis of law. Part II considers various approaches to legal history, including legal history as doctrinal, intellectual, or social history. Part III focuses on the interrelation between legal history and jurisprudence by investigating the role and conception of historical inquiry in various models, schools, and movements of legal thought. Part IV traces the place and pursuit of historical analysis in various legal systems and traditions across time, cultures, and space. Finally, Part V narrows the Handbooks focus to explore several examples of legal history in action, including its use in various legal doctrinal contexts.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas

Summary: Thomas Aquinas (1224/6-1274) lived an active, demanding academic and ecclesiastical life that ended while he was still comparatively young. He nonetheless

  • Author : Brian Davies,Eleonore Stump
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190208791
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 608
  • Language: English
  • Views: 750
  • Downloads: 750
  • GET BOOK

Description: Thomas Aquinas (1224/6-1274) lived an active, demanding academic and ecclesiastical life that ended while he was still comparatively young. He nonetheless produced many works, varying in length from a few pages to a few volumes. The present book is an introduction to this influential author and a guide to his thought on almost all the major topics on which he wrote. The book begins with an account of Aquinas's life and works. The next section contains a series of essays that set Aquinas in his intellectual context. They focus on the philosophical sources that are likely to have influenced his thinking, the most prominent of which were certain Greek philosophers (chiefly Aristotle), Latin Christian writers (such as Augustine), and Jewish and Islamic authors (such as Maimonides and Avicenna). The subsequent sections of the book address topics that Aquinas himself discussed. These include metaphysics, the existence and nature of God, ethics and action theory, epistemology, philosophy of mind and human nature, the nature of language, and an array of theological topics, including Trinity, Incarnation, sacraments, resurrection, and the problem of evil, among others. These sections include more than thirty contributions on topics central to Aquinas's own worldview. The final sections of the volume address the development of Aquinas's thought and its historical influence. Any attempt to present the views of a philosopher in an earlier historical period that is meant to foster reflection on that thinker's views needs to be both historically faithful and also philosophically engaged. The present book combines both exposition and evaluation insofar as its contributors have space to engage in both. This Handbook is therefore meant to be useful to someone wanting to learn about Aquinas's philosophy and theology while also looking for help in philosophical interaction with it.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Wittgenstein

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Wittgenstein

Summary: Since the middle of the 20th century Ludwig Wittgenstein has been an exceptionally influential and controversial figure wherever philosophy is studied. Thi

  • Author : Oskari Kuusela,Marie McGinn
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191617288
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 848
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1966
  • Downloads: 1966
  • GET BOOK

Description: Since the middle of the 20th century Ludwig Wittgenstein has been an exceptionally influential and controversial figure wherever philosophy is studied. This is the most comprehensive volume ever published on Wittgenstein: thirty-five leading scholars explore the whole range of his thought, offering critical engagement and original interpretation, and tracing his philosophical development. Topics discussed include logic and mathematics, language and mind, epistemology, philosophical methodology, religion, ethics, and aesthetics. Wittgenstein's relation to other founders of analytic philosophy such as Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and G. E. Moore is explored. This Handbook is the place to look for a full understanding of Wittgenstein's special importance to modern philosophy.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Levinas

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Levinas

Summary: Emmanuel Levinas (1906-1995) emerged as an influential philosophical voice in the final decades of the twentieth century, and his reputation has continued

  • Author : Michael L. Morgan
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190910682
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 800
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1766
  • Downloads: 1766
  • GET BOOK

Description: Emmanuel Levinas (1906-1995) emerged as an influential philosophical voice in the final decades of the twentieth century, and his reputation has continued to flourish and increase in our own day. His central themes--the primacy of the ethical and the core of ethics as our responsibility to and for others--speak to readers from a host of disciplines and perspectives. However, his writings and thought are challenging and difficult. The Oxford Handbook of Levinas contains essays that aim to clarify and engage Levinas and his writings in a number of ways. Some focus on central themes of his work, others on the ways in which he read and was influenced by figures from Plato, Hobbes, Descartes, and Kant to Blanchot, Husserl, Heidegger, and Derrida. And there are essays on how his thinking has been appropriated in moral and political thought, psychology, film criticism, and more, and on the relation between his thinking and religious themes and traditions. Finally, several essays deal primarily with how readers have criticized him and found him wanting. The volume exposes and explores both the depth of Levinas's philosophical work and the range of applications to which it has been put, with special attention to clarifying why his interests in the human condition, the crisis of civilization, the centrality and character of ethics and morality, and the very meaning of human experience should be of interest to the widest range of readers.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics

Summary: In this outstanding book leading scholars from around the world examine the history of linguistics from ancient origins to the present. They consider every

  • Author : Keith Allan
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191643432
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Number of Pages: 946
  • Language: English
  • Views: 750
  • Downloads: 750
  • GET BOOK

Description: In this outstanding book leading scholars from around the world examine the history of linguistics from ancient origins to the present. They consider every aspect of the field from language origins to neurolinguistics, explore linguistic traditions in east and west, chronicle centuries of explanations for language structures, meanings, and usage, and look at how it has been practically applied. The book is organized in six parts. The first looks at the origins of language, the invention of writing, the nature of gesture, and sign languages. Part II examines the history of the analysis and description of sound systems. Part III considers the history of linguistics in China, Korea, Japan, India, and the Middle East, as well as the history of the study of Semitic and Afro-Asiatic. Part IV examines the history of grammar and morphology in the west from the classical world to the present. Part V surveys the history of lexicography semantics, pragmatics, and text and discourse studies. Part VI looks at the history the application of linguistics in fields that include the language classification; social and cultural theory; psychology and the brain sciences; education and translation; computational science; and the development of linguistic corpora. The book ends with a history of the philosophy of linguistics. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics makes a significant contribution to the historiography of linguistics. It will also be a valuable reference for scholars and students in linguists and related fields, including philosophy and cognitive science.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century

Summary: The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century is the first collective critical study of this important period in intellectual history.

  • Author : Michael N. Forster,Kristin Gjesdal
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 019106551X
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 896
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1295
  • Downloads: 1295
  • GET BOOK

Description: The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century is the first collective critical study of this important period in intellectual history. The volume is divided into four parts. The first part explores individual philosophers, including Fichte, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Marx, and Nietzsche, amongst other great thinkers of the period. The second addresses key philosophical movements: Idealism, Romanticism, Neo-Kantianism, and Existentialism. The essays in the third part engage with different areas of philosophy that received particular attention at this time, including philosophy of nature, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, philosophy of history, and hermeneutics. Finally, the contributors turn to discuss central philosophical topics, from skepticism to mat-erialism, from dialectics to ideas of historical and cultural Otherness, and from the reception of antiquity to atheism. Written by a team of leading experts, this Handbook will be an essential resource for anyone working in the area and will lead the direction of future research.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of Dewey

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of Dewey

Summary: John Dewey was the foremost philosophical figure and public intellectual in early to mid-twentieth century America. He is still the most academically cited

  • Author : Steven Fesmire
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190491205
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 608
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1474
  • Downloads: 1474
  • GET BOOK

Description: John Dewey was the foremost philosophical figure and public intellectual in early to mid-twentieth century America. He is still the most academically cited Anglophone philosopher of the past century, and is among the most cited Americans of any century. In this comprehensive volume spanning thirty-five chapters, leading scholars help researchers access particular aspects of Dewey's thought, navigate the enormous and rapidly developing literature, and participate in current scholarship in light of prospects in key topical areas. Beginning with a framing essay by Philip Kitcher calling for a transformation of philosophical research inspired by Dewey, contributors interpret, appraise, and critique Dewey's philosophy under the following headings: Metaphysics; Epistemology, Science, Language, and Mind; Ethics, Law, and the Starting Point; Social and Political Philosophy, Race, and Feminist Philosophy; Philosophy of Education; Aesthetics; Instrumental Logic, Philosophy of Technology, and the Unfinished Project of Modernity; Dewey in Cross-Cultural Dialogue; The American Philosophical Tradition, the Social Sciences, and Religion; and Public Philosophy and Practical Ethics.


Pdf ebook: The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century

Pdf download ebook The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century

Summary: Philosophy in eighteenth-century Britain was diverse, vibrant, and sophisticated. This was the age of Hume and Berkeley and Reid, of Hutcheson and Kames an

  • Author : James A. Harris
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191502685
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Number of Pages: 688
  • Language: English
  • Views: 1887
  • Downloads: 1887
  • GET BOOK

Description: Philosophy in eighteenth-century Britain was diverse, vibrant, and sophisticated. This was the age of Hume and Berkeley and Reid, of Hutcheson and Kames and Smith, of Ferguson and Burke and Wollstonecraft. Important and influential works were published in every area of philosophy, from the theory of vision to theories of political resistance, from the philosophy of language to accounts of ways of governing the passions. The philosophers of eighteenth-century Britain were enormously influential, in France, in Italy, in Germany, and in America. Their ideas and arguments remain a powerful presence in philosophy three centuries later. This Oxford Handbook is the first book ever to provide comprehensive coverage of the full range of philosophical writing in Britain in the eighteenth century. It provides accounts of the writings of all the major figures, but also puts those figures in the context provided by a host of writers less well known today. The book has five principal sections: 'Logic and Metaphysics', 'The Passions', 'Morals', 'Criticism', and 'Politics'. Each section comprises four chapters, providing detailed coverage of all of the important aspects of its subject matter. There is also an introductory section, with chapters on the general character of philosophizing in eighteenth-century Britain, and a concluding section on the important question of the relation at this time between philosophy and religion. The authors of the chapters are experts in their fields. They include philosophers, historians, political theorists, and literary critics, and they teach in colleges and universities in Britain, in Europe, and in North America.